What is Osmosis?

Osmosis is a biological process that occurs in cells and involves the movement of solvent molecules, usually water,

across a selectively permeable membrane from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration.

In simpler terms, osmosis is the movement of water through a membrane to equalize the concentration of solutes on both sides.

The process of osmosis is driven by the goal of achieving equilibrium or balance.

When there is a difference in solute concentration between two compartments separated by a selectively permeable membrane,

water molecules move across the membrane to dilute the more concentrated solution until the solute concentration is equalized on both sides.

This movement of water continues until the solute concentration becomes the same

or until the pressure exerted by the water on the more concentrated side becomes strong enough to stop further water movement.

This pressure is known as osmotic pressure.

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